What is Dry Eye Disease?
Dry eye disease is a chronic condition, caused by inflammation, that results in your eyes producing either poor quality or not enough tears to adequately lubricate and protect your eyes. A stable tear film is essential for maintaining clear vision, for providing an interface for oxygen exchange, and for flushing away harmful biproducts and allergens.
What Causes Dry Eye Disease?
Dry eyes can occur due to a variety of reasons. We will work with you to determine the cause of your symptoms to manage your condition better.
Blepharitis is one of the most common causes of dry eye. It is defined as a chronic, inflammatory disease of the eyelids caused by an overgrowth of bacteria living on the eyelid margins and the base of the eyelashes.
This bacteria results in crusting and inflammation along the eyelid margins and oil glands known as meibomian glands. The damaged glands are unable to secrete sufficient oils to keep the tears from evaporating off the surface of the eye. Untreated blepharitis leads to eye irritation, a foreign body’s feeling in the eye, and chronic dry eye.
- Gritty, itchy, red eyes
- Blurred vision
- Burning sensation
- Foreign body sensation
- Excessive tearing
- Sensitivity to light
- Eye fatigue
- Contact lens discomfort
- Difficulty with night driving